Àngel Guimerà i Jorge (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈaɲʒəɫ ɣiməˈɾa]) (6 May 1845 – 18 July 1924) was a Spanish writer, born in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, to a Catalan father and a Canary islander mother. At an early age, Guimerà's family moved to Catalonia, where they settled at his father's birthplace, El Vendrell. Guimerà wrote a number of popular plays, which were translated into other languages and performed abroad, proving instrumental in the revival of Catalan language as a literary language (Renaixença) in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. By far, the most famous was his realistic drama Terra baixa (Lowlands, also translated as Martha of the Lowlands). Written in 1896, it quickly became an international sensation. The play was translated into 15 different languages and the Spanish translation was presented regularly for a period of thirty years by Enric Borràs's theatre throughout Spain and Latin America. In English, the play received three Broadway productions between 1903 and 1936. In addition to being a popular stage play, Terra baixa was made into six films, including a silent film in the United States, entitled "Martha of the Lowlands" (1914) and Leni Riefenstahl's Tiefland (1954). Furthermore, it served as the source material for two operas: Eugen d'Albert's German opera Tiefland (1903) and Fernand Le Borne's La Catalane (French). Playwright Àngel Guimerà was even nominated a record 21 times for the Nobel Prize in Literature, though he never won, due to controversy about the political significance of the gesture. He was a candidate for the Nobel Prize in 1904, to be shared with the Provençal writer Frédéric Mistral, in recognition of their contributions to literature in non-official languages. Political pressure from Spain central government having made this prize impossible, it was eventually awarded to Mistral and to the Spanish language playwright José de Echegaray. When Guimerà died in 1924, he was offered a state funeral in Barcelona of a proportion which had never been seen before. In his hometown of Santa Cruz de Tenerife is a theater built in his name (Teatro Guimerá).
Where died Àngel Guimerà?
Àngel Guimerà died in Barcelona.
Where was Àngel Guimerà born?
Àngel Guimerà was born in Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
How would Àngel Guimerà be described?
Àngel Guimerà would be described as Spanish writer.
What is the gender of Àngel Guimerà?
Àngel Guimerà is male.
When died Àngel Guimerà?
Àngel Guimerà died 18.07.1924.
When was Àngel Guimerà born?
Àngel Guimerà was born on 06.05.1845.
What is Àngel Guimerà subject of?
Àngel Guimerà is subject of People from Baix Penedès, Spanish male writers, 1845 births, 1924 deaths, Burials at Montjuïc Cemetery, Renaixença writers and People from Santa Cruz de Tenerife.